What is tinnitus?Pronunciation - [Ti-NY-Tus]
Tinnitus is ringing in the ears when there is no actual sound around. If you have Tinnitus you will observe below condition
a) Do you hear a ringing, buzzing, roaring, clicking, or hissing sound in your ears even when no sound is present externally?
b) Do you hear this sound often or all the time?
c) Does the sound bother you a lot?
d) Don’t you get sleep at night? Or do you feel depressed in silent room?
If you answer 'yes' to any of these questions, you may have tinnitus. The noise can be irregular or constant, and it can be mild or at a life-shattering
level. It can strike people of all ages.
Tinnitus is associated with many forms of hearing loss. It can also be associated with other health problems. The noise may be loud or soft, of a low pitch
or high pitch. You may hear it in one or both ears. When the ringing is constant, it can be irritating and distracting.
Can Other People Hear the Noise in My Ears?
Not usually, but sometimes they are able to hear a certain type of tinnitus called "objective tinnitus." Another type of tinnitus is "subjective tinnitus,"
the noise only you can hear.
How Tinnitus Occurs?
Tinnitus may be caused by:
- Hearing Loss
- Ear Nerve Weakness
· Exposure to loud noise for a long time (or one extreme incident)
· Wax in the ear
It can be caused due medical conditions like
o Heart problems
o Jaw or neck problems
o Thyroid problems
o Poor blood circulation
o High/low blood pressure
o Head injury
Using some medicines
What are the effects of tinnitus?
Tinnitus had been known to cause emotional problems, ranging from mild irritation to suicidal depression. The various effects tinnitus has on people
- Poor concentration
- Disrupted sleep patterns
- Frustration and anger
- Reduced patience
How to get rid of Tinnitus?
Although there is no permanent medicine, operation for tinnitus, there are several treatments that may give you some relief. The cause of the tinnitus
needs to be evaluated and removal of cause would help to reduce tinnitus. Not every treatment works for everyone, so one may need to try several techniques
to find the most appropriate.
Some forms of treatment include
Tinnitus Masked based Hearing aids:
Consult Audiologist for Suitable Masking Hearing aids for you.
Zen Tones Based Hearing aids are also available in the Market for Tinnitus therapy.
Masking involves using external noise to cover the tinnitus noise in the ear. Tinnitus is usually more disturbing in quiet surroundings. Another constant
sound at a low level, such as a ticking clock or radio static (white noise), may mask the tinnitus and make it less noticeable.
Medicine or drug therapy
Some medicines may reduce the effect of tinnitus. However, only prescribed medicines should be used. For further details, consult a physician/ ENT doctor.
Many people with tinnitus also have a hearing loss. Wearing a hearing aid makes it easier for some people to hear the sounds they need to hear by making
them louder. The better you hear other people talking or the music you like, the less you notice your tinnitus. One should consult a hearing care
professional/ audiologist for the best solution.
Some people sleep better when they use masking noise. Listening to constant sound at a low volume on the radio or using bedside maskers can help. These are
devices you can put by your bed instead of behind your ear. They can help you ignore your tinnitus and fall asleep.
Tinnitus retraining therapy
This treatment, usually administered by a trained professional, uses a combination of low level, broad-band noise and counseling to achieve the to get the
person to get used to the tinnitus (habituation) of tinnitus.
Audiologists help you to deal with your tinnitus. You may also use maskers to make your tinnitus less noticeable. After a while, some people learn to avoid
thinking about their tinnitus. It takes time for this treatment to work, but it can be very helpful.
Learning how to relax is very helpful if the noise in your ears frustrates you. Stress makes tinnitus seem worse. By relaxing, you have a chance to rest
1. Learn to ignore your tinnitus
2. Listen to White Noise /Pink Noise which is suitable for you during sleep.
3. Listening to music/recorded nature sounds may be useful
4. Avoid exposure to loud noise
5. If you are exposed to noise at home or at work, wear protective devices like ear plugs or ear muffs to protect your hearing
6. Avoid substances that may make your tinnitus worse:
c. Caffeine (coffee/tea)
6. Learn to relax
7. Keep your mind occupied with work or hobbies
8. Maintain a good sleeping pattern
9. Exercise regularly
10. Do not think more about Tinnitus, discuss it less.
Where I can get Treatment for Tinnitus?
Very Few Doctors, Audiologist, Hospitals are aware of tinnitus in India. It is better to consult Central Government recognized speech and hearing